10 Commandments- Keeping the Name of God


An important note from last week’s lesson is that the whole of the law and prophets rests on the premise of God’s redemptive act:

  • Deut. 5:6
  • Hosea 13:4
  • Example- Lev.19:36- note that God appeals to His redemption of Israel as the base for why Israel must have honest scales; this is the case all throughout the whole law over and over again.

This is no mere coincidence as the same appeal is made today because of the redemptive act of Christ: 1 Corinthians 6:19-20


Opening Scripture Reading:

  • Psalm 139

Key Passage:

  • Deuteronomy 5:11 (cf Ezekiel 36:20-27)

Word Definition: “Vain” (Hebrew word “Shav”)- means “empty”, “nothingness”, “falsehood”, and “lying”.

The gravity of this commandment:

  • Deut. 28:58-59 (cf. Malachi 1:6-14; Leviticus 22:32-33)

Redemption, covenant, and the name of God:

  • Psalm 111:9

Prophecy of restoring a pure language to call upon His name:

  • Zephaniah 3:9 prophecy about restoring pure language to call upon God’s name.

The commandment fulfilled:

  • Matthew 6:9 
  • 2 Timothy 2:19
  • Colossians 3:17 
  • James 5:12 (cf Matthew 5:33-37)


The law and the prophets were but shadows of what was to come in Christ; when the Word of God took on flesh, the shadows and copies gave way to the light and substance.  Christ took the righteousness that was testified of in the Law and elevated it, fulfilling and perfecting it so that the fulfillment of the command, “do not take the LORD your God’s name in vain” is accomplished in a people who “do all things, whether in word or in deed, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ”.  Now, our every word, even our “yes” and our “no”, are in the name of the Lord!

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